Determining the (TCO) or total cost of ownership for a strategic information system investment is a critical part of the leaders’ role in using technology in a transforming way. The Return on Investment Analysis depends upon reliable estimates of both the capital outlay and ongoing operational costs associated with the initiative over a period of time. This Assignment focuses on outlining both the capital and ongoing operational costs associated with a typical technology investment. You will outline the costs and, as importantly, the assumptions that you used in deriving these financial estimates.
Review the Pro Forma Explanation Material and HIT Program Pro Forma Template in the Learning Resources.
Pro Forma Explanation Material
There are two types of costs to consider planning the HIT program pro forma. These two types of costs are capital costs and operating costs. While the accounting definition of these costs varies depending upon the organization, the general definition of these costs are capital costs (being one-time expenses) and operational costs (being ongoing or reoccurring cost of the program). The HIT Program Pro Forma Template provides the opportunity to estimate both capital and operating costs for an HIT program. The following information is a description of each line item on the HIT Program Pro Forma Template. Keep in mind that as you are working through these costs on a year-by-year basis that you are working diligently with teams of stakeholders to best estimates these costs. Therefore, your cost estimates will be generally more accurate for the first fiscal year and second fiscal year of the program and be more vague as the fiscal years of the project go out into subsequent years. For this reason, the HIT program pro forma is updated often, based on new information and changes in the program environment. Capital costs generally consist of the following categories: consultative services, implementation salaries, database software, hardware costs, network costs, and other licensed software costs. The following is a description of the meaning of each of these line item categories on the HIT Program Pro Forma Template. Keep in mind that if your organization organizes capital costs in a different way or asks you to capitalize costs under your program that fall outside of these categories you can add additional rows to your program pro forma file. Consulting services vendor or third-party: Often the help of external consultants from either the HIT vendor or another third-party are used in order to implement systems. Often, these costs are significant at the early stages of a project and are capitalized by an organization. It is possible, as the program progresses, that the chief financial officer of the organization may ask that these costs be moved into operating expenses. A solid understanding of the scope of the project and the project plan enables organizations to have an idea of how to estimate consulting costs. Most accounting rules do not allow organizations to capitalize travel associated with consultants. Thus, these costs will typically only involve the hourly rate paid to the consulting company for the consultants. Implementation salaries: Often, chief financial officers of an organization will allow or prefer that internal staff salaries that are associated with implementing the program to be capitalized with the program. This is an internal decision; it is permitted by General Accounting Principles. If the organization prefers that this be the case, planners work with leaders in the organization to estimate a blended rate for different kinds of staff who are working on the implementation and estimate their hours to come up with the implementation salaries cost estimate. Often organizations purchase software from vendors and have to pay separate software licenses for the database product that runs the vendor applications. For example, if a site purchases an electronic health record from Cerner Corporation they may need to buy associated Oracle licenses for its use. These details need to be clarified with the vendor and HIT staff. If this is the case, this line item is included to record the usually significant licensing costs associated with licensing a database. If this database cost is estimated at the “per user” rate then the program planner must provide an estimate of the number of users who will be on the system every year and multiply by that per user cost to get this line item estimate. Hardware costs, servers, and devices: There are many types of devices required to implement different kinds of solutions in the healthcare environment. If any of these devices are purchased by the organization as a depreciable asset then these costs should be noted as capital costs. This may include, but would not be limited to, desktops, laptops, printers, scanners, thumbprint login devices, and other peripherals. Network costs: Senior network engineering staff work with project and program planners to determine what kind of network requirements are necessary to run planned solutions in the healthcare environment. Network assessment should be conducted to ensure that the expected service that is assumed as part of the program is aligned with current network capabilities. Additional network hardware and or bandwidth may need to be purchased in order to execute the program. These costs should be estimated as closely as possible for the entire program and updated as information progresses. Licensed software-vendor and third-party software: Often HIT program solutions in healthcare involve significant capital purchases from vendor suppliers. Depending upon the terms of the contract with these vendors these costs may be loaded into early years of the project or they may be paid out in increments over the life of the program and associated with milestones. The planner who is executing the pro forma must include the cost of all licensed software including any kinds of software products that are needed to run other software products or desktops and servers. Operational costs generally consist of the following categories: Software maintenance and support, hardware maintenance and support, physician salary support, postproduction support salaries, travel training, and other. The following is a description of each of these operational cost items. Keep in mind that these operational costs may reside in different organizational budget throughout the organization. Having said that, often senior leaders want to see all of the capital and operational costs associated with an HIT program in one place in order to manage these significant investments. Software maintenance support: The software that is being licensed in the capital area will need to be supported on an ongoing basis. Often those support costs “kick in” after a license is paid and the software has been installed for a year. Solutions vary in how they are priced and sold to organizations. It is important for the organizational planner to understand when those software maintenance and support fees “kick in” in the lifecycle of a program. Hardware maintenance and support: Similar to software, when hardware is purchased whether it be servers running in a data center or desktop computers or printers, there are often support fees associated with keeping those hardware products up and running and supported on an ongoing basis. Sometimes organizations don’t even purchase hardware. They may “lease” hardware products such as desktops. If this were the case, then the estimated leasing fees for those desktops per year would be inserted in this part of the program pro forma. Physician salary support: Sometimes, but not always, organizations make a financial commitment to cover internal salary costs of physicians when they are working on significant program efforts. Organizations do this because they want to have the ability to pull those physicians out of clinical service for a period of time and have them focus on an HIT program. If this is the case, this is the place where those salary estimates would be inserted. Keep in mind that any time you are estimating salaries in a pro forma, whether it be capital or operating, you most likely will work with leadership to determine a “blended” salary rate for an average personnel cost and use that rate in your pro forma. Also, keep in mind that a typical salary year is budgeted at 2,080 hours per year per full-time individual. Support and postproduction salaries: Similarly, this line item is used to record any and all other salaries needed to support the program on an ongoing basis. This line item requires significant work in that one has to understand all of the different individuals, skill sets, and compensation levels of those individuals that go into supporting the technology that is being implemented. Sometimes individual efforts are budgeted at a full-time effort for an entire year; other times portions of people’s time is budgeted on these programs from a support perspective. Travel training: Accounting rules prevent two items—travel and training costs— from being recorded as capital expenses. Salaries associated with training people on new HIT systems and any travel associated with training or implementation staffs must be recorded as operating costs. Training may include training of IT staff as well as training of end-users. Other: Many other types of costs may come into play when planning a program. For example, there may be outside legal costs incurred, or there may be marketing costs involved if a program includes patient facing applications that require a marketing campaign. Any other capital or operating costs should be included in the pro forma and aggregated for each year to understand a total program cost.
Bethany Place is a 40-bed independent long-term care facility in the Pacific Northwest. They have existed for over 50 years having come from a faith-based background. With good investments and sound financial management, Bethany place has grown and is executing a capital strategic plan. They are expanding their 40-bed facility to purchase a nearby resident facility and expand into rehabilitative care, adding another 30 beds. They are approximately six months away from receiving the appropriate certificates and regulatory approvals as a rehabilitative care facility for both chronic care patients and recovery of acute head injury. The rehabilitation facility and renovations to the independent long-term care facility are scheduled to begin in the next six months and be executed over an 18-month period. Currently Bethany place has no electronic medical record. There is a third-party service that is used to scan and send automated claims to Medicare and private insurers. A local desktop IT services company was recently contracted to provide managed services to Bethany place and provides the website email and local desktop applications for staff. As part of this initiative a robust new IT network design was implemented for both Bethany place and the anticipated rehabilitation facility. The lack of an electronic health record at Bethany place has created quality issues and risk management issues particularly related to medication reconciliation with patient transfers. The board and senior leadership have asked the Bethany place management to evaluate information technology options in the form of an electronic medical record, and patient management application(s) for both Bethany place and the rehabilitation extension facility as part of executing the strategic plan.
Write a 2-page APA style paper, addressing the following elements for the scenario. For this Assignment, address the financial element of the project Charter used to plan the acquisition of an HIT solution for the setting of choice. The financial analysis has two parts:
- Using the HIT Pro Forma Template provided in your Learning resources, complete the anticipated capital and operating costs of the HIT solution that you are proposing in the Week 3 Assignment.
- Justify the assumptions that you used in your proforma.
HIT Program Pro Forma Excel Template
Scope of Technology Implemenation:
Software Licensing Terms: FY ’01 FY ’02 FY ’03 FY ’04 FY ’05 Totals
Capital Costs (one time costs that can be depreciated)
Consulting Services Vendor or Third Party
Hardware Costs—Servers & Devices
Network Costs—Additional Network Needed
Licensed Software—Vendor & Third Party Software
Capital Totals $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Operating Costs (annual recurring costs)
Physician Salary Support
Support/Post Production Salaries (IT & Other)
Operating Totals $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
Grand Totals (Capital & Operating) $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0
FY – Fiscal Year